How do you calculate the required transformer capacity (in kVA) rating for a 3 phase transformer?
Calculation of kVA capacity for a Three Phase Transformer, based on Winding Voltage and Amperage information.
Low Voltage (LV) Transformers
Applies to all Three Phase Transformers.
kVA sizing must often be calculated from Primary or Secondary Winding Voltage and Amperage information.
To do this you must have at least two pieces of information:
- the load line-to-line voltage (V)
- the maximum load phase current (I)
kVA = (V * I * 1.732) / 1000
where 1.732 is the simple numerical value for the square root of 3 (1.7320508...)
Then round up to the next standard 3ph kVA rating as found in Section 14 of SquareD/Schneider Electric Catalog, Digest 176.
Example: V = 208, I = 175; this calculates to 63+ kVA, thus we round up to 75kVA. From the Digest, a EE75T3H will satisfactorily serve this load.
Note: This is a simple kVA calculation and does not take into account possible special load requirements, such as found with motors or some medical equipment. For assistance, contact Product Marketing for support.
Example: For this, V = 208 (the load line-to-line voltage); I = 175 (175 amps per phase conductor)
kVA = (208 * 175 1.732) / 1000 = 63..05kVA Thus, round up to a 75kVA transformer. In this example, an EE75T3H.